How Does Peer Group Affect Child Development?

How does peer pressure affect students?

Peer pressure can affect any aspect of someone’s life, including their education.

People may be directly teased for being smart or earning good grades, leading to less effort or pride in their schoolwork; peer pressure in other areas may also spill over and influence educational performance..

What are the 4 types of peer pressure?

Here’s a breakdown of six types of peer pressure, and tips for parents who want to help their child make healthy, life-long choices.Spoken Peer Pressure. … Unspoken Peer Pressure. … Direct Peer Pressure. … Indirect Peer Pressure. … Negative Peer Pressure. … Positive Peer Pressure.

How is peer pressure harmful?

Negative effects of peer pressure include: pressure to use alcohol, cigarettes or drugs. pressure to engage in risk taking behaviours. distraction from schoolwork.

What are the main causes of peer pressure?

The causes of peer pressureA desire to ‘fit in. ‘To avoid rejection and gain social acceptance.Hormonal inconsistencies.Personal/social confusion and/or anxiety.A lack of structure at home.

How does peer pressure affect child development?

Peer pressure might encourage teens to become more active in athletics or to avoid risky behaviors. Or it could lead them to try alcohol or drugs, skip school or engage in other negative behaviors.

Is peer pressure harmful or beneficial to individuals?

Peer pressure is an invisible – but powerful – force acting upon us that can do serious damage to our mental health. It has no practical benefits to our daily lives. Peer pressure can invade our minds. It can prevent us from seeing things or making decisions the way we normally would.

How does peer pressure start?

Peer groups are usually cliques of friends who are about the same age. Peer pressure can begin in early childhood with children trying to get other kids to play the games they want. … It is how children and teens learn to get along with others of their own age group and eventually learn how to become independent.

What are the causes and effects of peer pressure?

The causes of peer pressure include the need to fit in, low self-esteem, fear of rejection, and at most time the need to feel safety and security from peers. The effects of peer pressure can be negative and also have the worst outcomes. Peer pressure is most commonly found in the ages of 12-19 years old.

How do peers influence a child’s life?

Research also indicates that play with peers provides children with important opportunities to discuss feelings, expand thought processes and knowledge, and experiment with language and social roles. Some of children’s behavior with their peers is influenced by what they learn from their parents and siblings.

How peers influence your development as a person?

This is often positive — it’s human nature to listen to and learn from other people in your age group. As you become more independent, your peers naturally play a greater role in your life. … These peers also influence you by the way they dress and act, things they’re involved in, and the attitudes they show.

How do you avoid peer pressure?

What strategies can help handle negative peer pressure?Pay attention to how you feel. … Plan ahead. … Talk to the person who is pressuring, let him or her know how it makes you feel and tell the person stop.Have a secret code to communicate with parents. … Give an excuse. … Have friends with similar values and beliefs.More items…

At what age is peer pressure most common?

Peer influence during adolescence is normal and tends to peak around age 15, then decline. Teens get better at setting boundaries with peers by age 18 according to Laurence Steinberg, a psychology professor at Temple University.

What is the most dangerous form of peer pressure?

Dangers of Peer Pressure However, there are two main dangers peer pressure can cause. Mental: Low self-esteem can result from trying too hard to fit in. For some teens, no matter how much you change, you never feel good enough. Physical: Drugs, alcohol, sex and even dares can put your life at risk.

How do peer groups affect behavior?

Peers, particularly group members, become important social referents. Peer groups also influence individual members’ attitudes and behaviours on many cultural and social issues, such as: drug use, violence, and academic achievement. and even the development and expression of prejudice.